Né et élevé à Vienne, Paul Schaffer a vécu une enfance heureuse, entouré de sa sœur, ses parents et sa grand-mère. Sa vie change brutalement avec l'occupation de Vienne par les nazis et l'annexion de l'Autriche.
|Marceline Rosenberg est née en mars 1928 à Epinal, de parents juifs polonais, émigrés en 1919, qui ont eu cinq enfants.|
Présidente d'honneur de la Fondation pour la Mémoire de la Shoah.
|Simone Veil, née Jacob, garde le souvenir d'une enfance "exceptionnellement heureuse" à Nice, où son père, architecte, s'était installé peu avant sa naissance, en 1927.|
L'entrée en guerr
Following the German occupation
Born 1926, Hungary
Following the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, Bart was forced into a ghetto established in his home town. From May to July 1944, the Germans deported Jews from Hungary to the Auschwitz extermination camp in occupied Poland. Bart was deported by cattle car to Auschwitz. At Auschwitz, he was selected to perform forced labor, drilling and digging in a coal mine.
Fritzie Weiss Fritzshall
Born 1929, Klucarky, Czechoslovakia
Fritzie's father emigrated to the U.S., but by the time he could bring his family over, war had begun and Fritzie's mother feared attacks on transatlantic shipping. Fritzie, her mother, and two brothers were eventually sent to Auschwitz. Her mother and brothers died. Fritzie survived by pretending to be older than her age and thus a stronger worker.
Born 1927, Szikszo, Hungary
After the German invasion of Hungary in 1944, Kate and her family were deported first to the Kosice ghetto and then to the Auschwitz camp in Poland. Kate and other prisoners were sent on to the Plaszow camp, also in Poland. As partisan raids increased and the front drew closer, they were sent back to Auschwitz in August 1944.