History of the Holocaust (Shoah)

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The victims


total of 6 million Jews and hundreds of thousands of others (primarily gypsies) fell victim to the most radical form of the Nazis race policy, the Final Solution.

The majority of the 6 million Jews who were killed between 1941 and 1945 were of Polish and Russian origin. Approximately 2.7 million (90%) of the Polish Jews, and 2.1 million Russian Jews fell victim to the Nazi persecution. In the late summer of 1944 around 440,000 Hungarian Jews were deported directly to the gas chambers at Auschwitz II (Birkenau). A total of 550,000 Hungarian Jews were murdered by the Nazis.