The scenes for the Holocaust
he Holocaust took place outside the very core areas of Germany – and thus far from the eye of the ordinary German. It was mainly the occupied parts of the Soviet Union and Poland that became the scene for this terrible crime against humanity.
n the Soviet Union, the four Einsatzgruppen – and their local auxiliaries – shot some 1.5 million Jews, especially in mass executions.
Four of the extermination camps were situated in Poland: Belzec, Treblinka, Sobibor and Majdanek. In other parts of occupied Poland (Upper Silesia and Wartheland) the other two extermination camps, Auschwitz and Chelmno, became the scene for the Nazis’ mass murder.