Launch conference of the 2nd EU Survey on the experiences and perceptions of antisemitism among Jews in the EU


 

Launch conference of the 2nd EU Survey on the experiences and perceptions of antisemitism among Jews in the EU

Brussels

December 10, 2018

In 2018, the European Commission tasked the EU Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) to conduct a second survey on the experiences of the Jewish community with Antisemitism. With over 16,300 respondents in the 12 countries (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) home to 96% of European Jews, this is the largest ever survey of its type.

On the occasion of International Human Rights Day, on Monday December 10, 2018, Věra Jourová, European Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality and Katharina von Schnurbein, European Commission Coordinator on combating Antisemitism and Michael O’Flaherty, Director of the EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, presented the results of the survey at an event in the Council gathering representatives of Jewish communities and organisations, policy makers of the Member States, as well as representatives of civil society and the media and experts on the fight against racism and discrimination.

Commissioner Jourová: “70 years after the Holocaust, I am deeply saddened that 9 out of 10 Jews in Europe say that Antisemitism has increased over the past five years. The Jewish community should feel at home and safe in Europe, whether they are on the way to the synagogue or surfing online. The Commission is acting together with Member States to counter the rise of Antisemitism, to fight holocaust denial and to guarantee that Jews have the full support of the authorities to keep them safe”.

The presentation of the results of the survey was followed by a Q&A between Paul Kirby, BBC and Ariel Muzicant, Vice-President of the European Jewish Congress as well as a panel discussion with Jewish community representatives from institutions: Ioannis Dimitrakopoulos, Scientific Advisor, EU Agency for Fundamental Rights, Hannah Rose, President of the Union of Jewish students, UK, Katharina von Schnurbein, EC Coordinator on combatting Antisemitism and Johanna Barasz, Deputy Inter-ministerial Delegate to combat racism, antisemitism and anti-LGBT hatred (DILCRAH), France. Maram Stern, Deputy CEO of Diplomacy of the World Jewish Congress concluded the event.

According to the results of the survey, 85% of European Jews consider Antisemitism to be the biggest social or political problem in their home country. Other figures, amongst others, show that Antisemitism is pervasive and is having an impact on the daily lives of European Jews throughout the EU:

-          89% of Jews think Antisemitism is most problematic on the internet and on social media;

-          28% of respondents have been harassed at least once in the past year;

-          79% of Jews who experienced antisemitic harassment in the past five years did not report this to the police or another organisation;

-          34% avoid visiting Jewish events or sites because they do not feel safe;

-          38% have considered emigrating because they did not feel safe as Jews in Europe;

-          70% consider that efforts by Member States to combat Antisemitism are not effective.

To recall, on 6 December 2018, all EU countries unanimously adopted a “Declaration on the fight against Antisemitism and the development of a common security approach to better protect Jewish communities and institutions in Europe” which is an important signal showing that the EU and each of its Member States stand side by side with the Jewish community to guarantee their safety and well-being.

Moreover, on 29 November 2018, the EU acquired a Permanent International Partnership with the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance. The participation of the EU in this international body will allow for closer cooperation on combating Holocaust denial and preventing racism, xenophobia and Antisemitism.